The Divorce of Knowledge from the Knower

“…there is a new concept of knowledge and of its relation to those who create it and use it. This new concept is a truly secular concept. Knowledge should flow like money to wherever it can create advantage and profit. Indeed knowledge is not like money, it is money. Knowledge is divorced from persons, their […]

Collective Engagement

“Bourdieu was a fervent advocate of academic freedoms, but also an advocate of the political engagement of intellectua. He believed that ‘exporting’ academic authority into the political field, as well as listening to and responding to the ‘social demand’ for scientific knowledge, are inextricable parts of the life of the scientific community. But, he went […]

The Weight of the World

To understand what happens in places like “projects” or “housing developments” as well as in certain kinds of schools, places which bring together people who have nothing in common and force them to live together, either in mutual ignorance and incomprehension or else in latent or open conflict – with all the suffering this entails […]

Fearless Speech

“(Thus) parrhesia is a kind of verbal activity where the speaker has a specific relation to truth through frankness, a certain relationship to his own life through danger, a certain type of relation to himself and others through criticism… and a specific relation to moral law through freedom and duty. More precisely, parrhesias is a […]


There is no need for arms, physical violence, material constraints. Just a gaze. An inspecting gaze, a gaze which each individual under its weight will end by interiorising to the point that he is his own overseer, each individual thus exercising this surveillance over, and against, himself. A superb formula: power exercised continuously and for […]